The complete guide to the BAR CPA Exam

8 min read
Business Analysis and Reporting

Starting in January 2024, students aspiring to earn their CPA license piloted a new exam structure, called CPA Evolution. Designed to fill in knowledge gaps and prepare new CPAs for necessary skills, the CPA Exam is now composed of 3 Core Exam sections and 1 Discipline Exam. The Business Analysis and Reporting (BAR) is one of the three new Discipline sections. To help you prepare and pass, we’re examining the overall structure of this new section, as well as tips to get Exam Day ReadySM.


Read on to remove the mystery surrounding the exam’s content and structure, unlock tips on how to prepare and determine if this Discipline is right for you. Your career is waiting; it’s time to raise the BAR!

Table of contents

  1. What is the BAR CPA Exam?
  2. BAR vs FAR
  3. Composition of the BAR CPA Exam
  4. What is tested on the BAR CPA Exam?
  5. BAR CPA study tips
  6. Is the BAR Discipline right for me? 
  7. BAR CPA Exam FAQs

 Download our FREE 2024 CPA Exam Guide


What is the BAR CPA Exam? 

The CPA Exam is a rigorous exam, consisting of four separate tests to assess a CPA candidate’s knowledge and skill level in more complex accounting topics. Passing all four sections of the CPA Exam is necessary for candidates to earn the prestigious Certified Public Accountant (CPA) license.

 In January 2024, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) and the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA) launched a substantial reorganization of the CPA Exam. It is now composed of four sections: three required Core sections that all candidates must pass, plus one Discipline section that builds upon the fundamentals of the Core Exams and tests a more profound understanding and application of concepts. 

While all candidates must pass the three Core Exams, they only choose from one of three different Discipline topics; BAR is one of these three options.

CPA Exam

Core exam sections

All three are required 

Discipline exam sections

Candidates choose one







Auditing & Attestation

Financial Accounting & Reporting

Taxation & Regulation

Business Analysis & Reporting

Information Systems & Controls

Tax Compliance & Planning

The Business Analysis and Reporting (BAR) section of the CPA Exam tests candidates’ financial analysis and risk management and planning skills, with an additional focus on data and technology used in decision-making.


As part of the newly organized CPA Exam structure, the AICPA created the BAR CPA Exam as an extension of FAR, testing advanced skills and concepts that are assessed in their fundamental form during FAR. For those aiming to specialize in financial analysis, technical accounting and applied research, BAR offers the opportunity to demonstrate this expertise and advance a career that leverages these skillsets.

For example, while FAR may pose a question about basic revenue recognition as it relates to the five-step process, BAR requires candidates to interpret and analyze agreements, contracts and other supporting documentation to apply the revenue recognition concepts. Likewise, FAR only tests leases from the lessee’s perspective, while the BAR focuses on the lessor’s perspective which can be more complex.

Many topics previously included on the FAR exam have been shifted to the BAR. These include:

  • Advanced government accounting
  • Lessor accounting
  • Derivatives and hedge accounting
  • Employee benefits plans
  • Indefinite lived intangible assets
  • Public company reporting
  • S-X and S-K reporting requirements
  • Internally developed software
  • Revenue recognition analysis
  • Stock compensation
  • R & D costs
  • Business combinations
  • Advanced consolidated financial statements

Composition of the BAR CPA Exam

During the BAR exam, candidates have four hours to complete fifty multiple choice questions (MCQs) and seven task-based simulations (TBSs), split up among three content areas: 

  • Business Analysis (40-50 percent) 
  • Technical Accounting and Reporting (35-45 percent) 
  • State and Local Governments (10-20 percent)

The MCQs and TBSs are broken down across five "testlets," so the format when you sit for the exam looks like to this: 

  1. Pre-exam: Complete the welcome screen to confirm your information and add your "launch" code then your confidentiality code. You'll have five minutes for each screen.
  2. Testlet 1: 25 MCQs 
  3. Testlet 2: 25 MCQs 
  4. Testlet 3: Two TBSs 
  5. 15-minute break that does not count toward your exam time 
  6. Testlet 4: Three TBSs 
  7. Testlet 5: 2 TBSs 

Skill levels 

All MCQs and TBSs on the BAR CPA Exam will fall under one of three "skill levels." 

  • Remembering and understanding refers to recalling specifics and understanding what is being communicated and how to use it effectively. 
  • Application refers to applying knowledge or concepts on the exam to practical scenarios 
  • Analysis refers to examining and studying how the separate areas relate to identify causes and find evidence to support inferences.
Skill levelWeight
Remembering and understanding10 - 20%
Application 45 - 55%
Analysis30 - 40%

How is BAR scored?

The BAR CPA Exam is graded on a scale from 0 to 99 and you must score a 75 or above to pass. The 50 MCQs make up 50 percent of the weighted score, and TBSs make up the other 50 percent.

While the AICPA does not grade on a curve, they do weigh the questions on difficulty, so harder questions count for more than easier questions. Also, you can earn partial credit on TBSs because you must answer multiple questions in each scenario. Once your exam is graded and the weights are applied, your score is aggregated on the 0 to 99 scale.

What is tested on the BAR CPA Exam?

BAR includes financial statement analysis, technical accounting and reporting and local, state and government accounting and reporting. The AICPA also provides this highly detailed breakdown of topics that may be tested in each content area of the exam: 

Content Area I: 

Business Analysis

Content Area II: 

Technical Accounting and Reporting

Content Area III

State and Local Governments

  • Current period and historical analysis, including the use of data: 
    • Financial statement analysis
    • Non-financial and non-GAAP measures of performance
    • Managerial and cost accounting
  • Prospective analysis, including the use of data
    • Budgeting, forecasting and projection
    • Capital structure
    • Investment alternatives using financial valuation models
    • Risk management
    • Economic and market influences on business
  • Indefinite-lived intangible assets        
  • Internally developed software
  • Revenue recognition
  • Stock compensation
  • Business combinations
  • Research and development costs
  • Consolidated financial statements
  • Derivatives and hedge accounting
  • Leases
  • Public company reporting topics
  • Financial statements and employee benefit plans
  • Format and content of the financial section of the annual comprehensive financial report
    • Government-side financial statements
    • Governmental funds financial statements
    • Proprietary funds financial statements
    • Fiduciary funds financial statements 
    • Note to financial statements 
    • Management’s discussion and analysis 
    • Budgetary comparison reporting 
    • Required Supplementary Information (RSI)
    • Financial reporting entity
  • Deriving government-wide financial statements and reconciliation requirements
  • Measurement, valuation, calculation and presentation in government entity financial statements 
    • Net position 
    • Fund balances 
    • Capital and infrastructure assets
    • General and proprietary long-term liabilities 
    • Interfund activity, including transfers 
    • Nonexchange revenue transactions 
    • Expenditures and expenses
    • Budgetary accounting and encumbrances

BAR CPA study tips

The CPA Exam as a whole, including BAR is notoriously demanding and even difficult to pass. But don’t let this reputation dissuade you; there is encouraging news for aspiring candidates! The right study habits help students prepare for the exam and exponentially boost percentages of passing rates for first-time test takers. 

Becker's CPA Exam Review offers a comprehensive set of study and practice materials to help you feel ready to tackle BAR with confidence: 

  • Digital flashcards with relevant concepts and vocabulary 
  • Video instruction to explain specific topics covered on the exam 
  • MCQs and TBS practice questions 
  • Unlimited practice tests that are personalized for each candidate 
  • Exam simulations that mirror the actual CPA Exam in length, format, and style 
  • Livestreaming courses from expert CPAs instructors 

An exam prep course from a trusted partner like Becker can help you combine these study materials in a single, convenient platform—making it easy to unlock a curated database of relevant exam material and resources. Plus, a structured course provides a mapped-out journey to exam preparation that also serves to keep you accountable in your study process.

Is the BAR Discipline right for me?

Need help choosing a Discipline? National Instructor Mike Potenza shares the three questions to ask yourself to help you make the right choice!

Choosing your CPA Exam Discipline is an important decision that can steer your career's development and job opportunities while setting the foundation for future accreditations and specialization. 

The BAR Discipline may be right for you if you enjoy analytics and reporting, studying and applying regulations and dissecting financial documents to determine facts and inform decisions. 


Take our 4-question quiz to find which Discipline is right for you!



How is BAR scored?

All sections, including BAR, are sored on a scale from 0 to 99, and candidates must earn a 75 or above to pass. The MCQs and TBSs are weighed evenly, each at 50 percent of the student's score.

What is the BAR pass rate? 

Because the CPA Discipline Exams (including the BAR) were just recently launched in January 2024, data on student pass rates is only now being collected and has yet to be made public. However, the CPA Exam pass rate for students taking a section the first time is only around 50%. But this average skyrockets to a 94% pass rate for Becker’s Exam Day ReadySM students. 

When should I take the BAR? 

If you have decided on BAR as your Discipline Exam, we suggest taking the CPA Exam sections in this order: 

  1. FAR
  2. BAR
  3. AUD
  4. REG

Starting with FAR will prepare you with the fundamentals of analysis and reporting, which you will then study more profoundly in preparation for BAR. These concepts will serve as you expand your review of the fundamentals for AUD and REG. 

Can I finish the BAR exam in just 4 hours? 

While you shouldn’t rush, do maintain an efficient pace to complete the entirety of the exam within the allotted 4-hour limit. This certainly is achievable! A reasonable plan is to spend about 1.8 minutes per multiple choice question, completing all 50 MCQs in about 90 minutes. At roughly 20 minutes per task-based simulation, you’ll then spend 140 minutes on TBSs and have the final 10 minutes available for a final review of your work.

Try Becker's CPA Exam Review FREE for 14 days

If you're ready to study for BAR or any other section of the CPA Exam, Becker has the academic support, resources and materials you need to pass on the first time. Get a 14-day free trial and find out why more people trust Becker to help them get Exam Day Readysm!

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